Archive for January, 2013

iSCSI initiator (netbsd-iscsi-initiator) for OS X Mountain Lion (10.8.2)

January 13th, 2013 22 comments

I am playing around with iSCSI for my macbook pro. Looked around and the used to be free SNS globalSAN iSCSI is no longer free. ATO is too expensive to play with. Saw that macport has a netbsd-iscsi, so went that route.

$ sudo port install netbsd-iscsi-initiator
---> Computing dependencies for netbsd-iscsi-initiator
---> Dependencies to be installed: netbsd-iscsi-lib
---> Building netbsd-iscsi-lib
Error: for port netbsd-iscsi-lib returned: command execution failed
Error: Failed to install netbsd-iscsi-lib
Please see the log file for port netbsd-iscsi-lib for details:
Error: The following dependencies were not installed: netbsd-iscsi-lib
To report a bug, follow the instructions in the guide:
Error: Processing of port netbsd-iscsi-initiator failed

Poking in main.log show the error at compiling disk.c.

:info:build /bin/sh ../../libtool --tag=CC --mode=compile /usr/bin/clang -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -I../../include -I../../include -I/opt/local/include -pipe -O2 -arch x86_64 -MT libiscsi_la-disk.lo -MD -MP -MF .deps/libiscsi_la-disk.Tpo -c -o libiscsi_la-disk.lo `test -f 'disk.c' || echo './'`disk.c
:info:build /usr/bin/clang -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -I../../include -I../../include -I/opt/local/include -pipe -O2 -arch x86_64 -MT libiscsi_la-disk.lo -MD -MP -MF .deps/libiscsi_la-disk.Tpo -c disk.c -fno-common -DPIC -o .libs/libiscsi_la-disk.o
:info:build disk.c:811:40: error: assignment to cast is illegal, lvalue casts are not supported
:info:build *((uint64_t *) ((void *)data + 8)) = (uint64_t) ISCSI_HTONLL(key);
:info:build ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
:info:build 1 error generated.
:info:build make: *** [libiscsi_la-disk.lo] Error 1

So I patched that line.

- *((uint64_t *) (void *)data + 8) = (uint64_t) ISCSI_HTONLL(key);
+ *((uint64_t *) ((void *)data + 8)) = (uint64_t) (ISCSI_HTONLL(key));

and now it builds. I just got to play with this to see if it works. More to report later.

Categories: iSCSI, NAS, Tech Tags: ,

Single DHCP server for multiple subnets (VLANs) one single interface

January 9th, 2013 13 comments

Surprisingly this was an extremely hard to find piece of information on the topic. At least one that fit my need. There were lots of questions in various online posts, but no completely working answers with all the relevant details in one place.

I am going to document it here.

Aggregation router is a pair of Cisco 6506E in VSS mode, active-active. They have ip helper pointing to my DHCP server.

Multiple VLANs and subnets

There was a pretty useful post about single DHCP server, multiple subnets on one interface here. But this does not work for my situation. He’s using a fairly simple network, and the DHCP server run on the gateway, whereas my network is different.

I have a gateway/router that aggregates multiple VLANs, one of which is a management VLAN that my DHCP server sits on. All the other VLANs has the DHCP relay helper address pointing to my DHCP server (see graph above).

Using the “shared-network” statement in dhcpd.conf does not work as that will pool all of the subnet declaration inside that. This is why the blog post uses the classes along with “match if” statements to put DHCP client requests into the correct subnets. I have anywhere from 200 to 300+ servers in each VLAN, and they are a mix of gears/vendors. So there is no way that I can use hardware (MAC) address, without it getting very complicated.

ISC DHCP actually supports what I wanted out of the box. The trick was to make all the subnet declaration, but don’t use the “shared-network” statement. Make sure the DHCP relay are setup correctly, and when client make DHCP requests, they will arrive at the DHCP server with the relay address in it as the GIADDR (gateway IP address). The DHCP server will see that and know which subnet it should provide addresses from.

Here is the dhcpd.conf portion of the working config. I also do PXE and kickstart boot from this dhcpd server.


# this is the most important line. It specifies the method
# to use to connect to the DNS server and update it.
ddns-update-style none;
ddns-domainname "";
ignore client-updates;
option host-name = config-option server.ddns-hostname;

include "/etc/rndc.key";

option domain-name              "";
option domain-name-servers,,;
option time-offset              -18000; # Pacific Standard Time
option ntp-servers    ;
one-lease-per-client off;
default-lease-time 86400;
max-lease-time 604800;
option ip-forwarding off;

next-server install;
filename "/linux-install/pxelinux.0";

# Subnet for internal hosts
    subnet netmask {
        option routers        ;
        option subnet-mask    ;
        #failover peer "dhcp";

    subnet netmask {
        option routers        ;
        option subnet-mask    ;
        #failover peer "dhcp";

    subnet netmask {
        option routers        ;
        option subnet-mask    ;
        #failover peer "dhcp";

....and so on....
Categories: Networking, Tech Tags: